‘There is no more dangerous menace to civilization than a government of incompetent, corrupt, or vile men’ ~ Ludwig von Mises
Memory is essential for survival. The brain stores all kinds of memories, like the way to ride a bike, what happened yesterday and even the meaning of the word ‘memory’. But memories are fragile and when the brain is damaged by an accident or an illness, memories can disappear along with the ability to remember. However, Ravi Karunanayake’s recent memory loss is symptomatic of a special type of syndrome (The first victim being Duminda Silva) – ‘Mata Mathaka Nehe’ syndrome, which only afflicts corrupt criminalized politicians even today –Yahapalanaya withstanding. This comical circus will continue, as long as the corrupt system and political culture remaina and to expect it to vanish merely with the change of government is like expecting cure for the headache by changing the pillows.
In January 2015, peoplewere gullible enough to believe that the political culture too will change radically once the name board changed to Yahapalanaya, in order to rid this country of corruption and racial hatred which became the bane in the Post War MR era. Of course there were positive developments. More than 2 years later, none can deny that there were few commendable measures taken such as more freedom of expression, RTI and some concrete steps to alleviate the suffering of the Northern people which earned international commendation. Even the Presidential Commission which is looking into the CB Bond scam would not have come about under MR rule. However, both MS and RW have been overall a sorry disappointment leaving the electorate wondering whether there will be any further democratic hope to usher in a corruption-free, hate free country, after losing yet another historic opportunity. Is democracy then failing in Sri Lanka ? What happened to transparency, to accountability which are the pillars of democracy ?
Abraham Lincoln’s definition of democracy remains the most intuitive essence of this form of government: government of the people, by the people, for the people. In many supposed democracies around the world, this has either completely changed, or is changing right before our eyes to the worse. And an increasingly disillusioned electorate seems to take a backseat approach in dealing with the offenders. Voter turn-out is the lowest it has been around the world in a generation. Voters have lost faith in politicians and are turning to demagogues like Donald Trump – and the things he represents. And who can blame them when we see what it has become? The less we trust our political elite, the more likely we are to take a gamble on one of Trump like demagogues. After all, can a fear-monger be any worse than the cronyism and lies democracy has become?
Democracy was built on the power and needs of the people. It has since been sold out to money. And that, experts agree, is the biggest threat to it today. If the corruptive influence of money has left voter in the West disenchanted, it has been even more damaging in Africa and Asia, Sri Lanka included. Voters are no longer shocked by revelations of corruption. For a long time, oligarchs in the garb of democrats pretended to serve the interests of the people. But the veil of deception is lifting. People are starting to recognize that the dreams of collective prosperity promised by democracy are being turned into nightmares for the majority, and monumental wealth for the privileged ruling class and their allies. We should however not trust democracy without extremely powerful systems of accountability. Like in many so-called democracies today, in Sri Lanka too, that accountability – and the transparency that goes with it –have gone missing.
It is said that a strong democracy is still the best anti-corruption tool. Unacceptable behaviour weakens social justice and fosters populism. Public vigilance is of utmost importance and should keep the government to accountso that the government should step up the fight against corruption by promoting integrity and transparency in public life at all levels, in particular by adopting sound rules on the declaration of assets, income and financial and other interests, making such declarations easily accessible to the public and setting up independent supervisory bodies and regulating lobbying activities. The role of the media and also social media in denouncing corruption should be acknowledged, while ensuring that media regulation respects media freedom and responsibility. Besides , the Parliament should also develop a code of conduct covering guidance on the prevention of conflicts of interest, gifts and other advantages, while ensuring that parliamentary immunity does not protect members of parliament from criminal prosecution for corruption-related acts.
John Locke was, to English philosophy, the equivalent of Sir Isaac Newton in science. According to Locke, if a government created by society is not doing its job properly, that is, in the interest of those who created it, then it ought to be overthrown. There was nothing new in this idea. Since the Middle Ages and during the Reformation, kings and emperors had overthrown each other, claiming that their enemies on the throne were not governing justly.
Locke, however, went further by stating clearly exactly what a government’s role was. A government’s job, in Locke’s view, was to protect life, liberty and, above all, property. When it fails to protect these, it should be replaced. To prevent power being abused, Locke insisted that the legislative (Parliament), executive (king) and judiciary (courts) be independent of each other and constantly checking on each other. But it’s still not too late. To make sure this lack of trust in politicians does not translate into a complete lack of trust in democracy, we must now begin to focus on making transparency and accountability fundamental to our acceptance of a government as democratic.